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Linux

How To Find IP Address

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how to find IP address

Whether you are a power user of a computer or not, you still might have heard of this technical jargon “IP address” at least once in your life since it a very common term. So, if you have ever wondered that “How to find IP address” then you are certainly at the right place.
In this article, we will make you aware of the processes required for the same. So, let’s get started:

How-to-find-ip-address

What is an IP address?

The IP in IP address stands for Internet protocol. It is a numerical identity assigned to each and every device that is connected to a computer network, and the network uses Internet Protocol for communication. The Internet Protocol was designed in 70’s.
IP addresses are displayed and written in human-readable notations.

There are two versions of Internet Protocol named as IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) and IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6). Each method has its own method to define IP addresses.
IPv4 defines an IP address as a 32-bit number while IPv6 defines an IP address as a 128-bit number.

There are two types of IP addresses:
1: Static IP address: It is the persistent IP address which is assigned to the system by the administrator and remains constant all throughout.
2: Dynamic IP address. It is the vice-versa of Static IP addresses. In this, a new IP address is assigned to the system each and every single time. The dynamic IP address is assigned by the computer interface or the host software itself.

Each and every device has a unique IP address.
IPv4 address looks somewhat like this “172.16.254.1” while IPv6 address looks something like this “2001:db8:0:1234:0:567:8:1”.

What purpose it is used for?

IP address is used by a device in order to communicate with other devices connected to a common network. It is used for two purposes, one for host interface identification and the other purpose is for location addressing. The latest version of Internet Protocol that is IPv6 has many advantages as it is more secure and has features like scalability and mobility.

Some fast facts about IP address.

1: The IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) limits the addresses to 32-bit number and can have 4294967296 (2^32) possible unique addresses while IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6) limits the IP addresses to 128-bit number and can have 3.403 x 1038 possible unique addresses. The IPv6 was standardized in 1998 although it was developed in 1995.

2: The IPv6 was introduced because of the depletion in the count of available addresses and the overwhelming growth of the internet. However, IPv4 is still in use.

3: The IP addresses are allocated to Internet Service Providers by an authority named as INTERNET ASSIGNED NUMBERS AUTHORITY (IANA).

4: It is possible to have an IPv4 and IPv6 address on the same machine simultaneously.

5: The IPv6 version of Internet Protocol runs on the plug and play mechanism. The configuration is automatically made whenever a new device is plugged in.

How to find IP address?

You can easily find your IP address by any of the following methods:

Method #1: Using Google.

How-to-find-ip-address
If you are connected to the internet, then you can easily find the IP address of your system through Google. Just type in the keywords like “What’s my IP address?” or “IP address” or “my IP address” and after hitting enter, your public IP address will be displayed in the results.

Method #2: Using third party websites.

How-to-find-ip-address
You can use third party websites like What Is My IP Address.com. Just visit any of these sites and they will display your public IP address.
Just make a Google search and you will find a plethora of such sites.

Method #3: Using Command Prompt.

Step #1: Open command prompt by typing cmd in the run section (Windows + R) and then hit enter.

Step #2: Type “ipconfig” without quotes and hit enter.
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Step #3: Your IP address is located next to IPv4 Address.
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Method #4: Using network and sharing settings.

Step #1: Click on start button and navigate to the  “Control Panel” option. Once found, click on it to proceed further.
How-to-find-ip-address
Step #2: Under the “Network and Internet” heading, click on “View network status and tasks”.
How-to-find-ip-address
Step #3: After successfully completing step #2, Locate for your internet connection. Just like, in this case, my internet provider is Airtel, So, I’ll be looking for Airtel Internet. Once found, right click on it.
How-to-find-ip-address
Step #4: A window will pop up. Click on the details button.
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Step #5: Your IP address is located next to IPv4 Address.
How-to-find-ip-address
Alternative method.

Step #1: Type “ncpa.cpl” in run (windows + R) section and hit enter.
How-to-find-ip-address
Step #2: Locate for your internet connection and then right click on it. Now click on the “Status” option.
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Step #3: Now, in the following window, click on details.
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Step #4: Your IP address will be the one before which IPv4 Address is written.
How-to-find-ip-address

How to find IP address in Linux?

How-to-find-ip-address

Step #1: Open the terminal. In order to open terminal press, “Ctrl + Alt + T” simultaneously without quotes.

Step #2: Once you are at the terminal, type the following command “ip addr show” without quotes.

Step #3: This will display the connection details of all of your installed connections. Find your connection and the corresponding IP address will be listed after “inet” .

Additionally, if you are using the UBUNTU interface then follow the following steps carefully.

Step #1: Click on the network icon which is positioned at your notifications area. The image is displayed as two vertical arrows, one up and other down.

Step #2: Now click on “Connection information” option.

Step #3: This will result in all the details related to your connection including your IP address.

Let’s wrap it up.

This brings us to the end of this article on how to find IP address? We hope that this piece must have added some worthwhile value to your knowledge base. We firmly believe that we have left no stone unturned while getting into the nitty gritty of the topic but if you are still left with any kind of query relating to this topic then do let us know via comments.

We will be extremely glad to solve your query. Thank you for passing by and giving it a read.

A student of life, writer, technology freak, and a thinker.

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Linux

How To Clone A Hard Drive 

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how to clone a hard drive

In this world, where data plays a significant role while being associated with almost every system, it’s security, usability and portability becomes the primary concern. This is the moment where disk cloning comes to the rescue.

The inception of disk cloning can be traced from somewhere around or a little before the introduction of the operating system “Windows 95”. This was the time when some computer system manufacturers used to take help of external hardware disk copying machines to copy software.

In this article, we will tell you how to clone a hard drive? in easy and single steps. So let’s get started:

What is meant by disk cloning?

Disk cloning is simply the process of copying or cloning the content or data of a system’s hard disk to another hard disk.

Disk cloning is slightly different from the “Straightaway copying technique” because it also copies the content which is hidden and typically not available for copying.

When to image a drive and when to clone it?

As already mentioned that disk cloning is the process of copying the data which also includes the data which is primarily not available for copying while disk imaging is the process of replicating the entire disk into another one.

It is usually done by creating the sector by sector copy of the source drive.
It is also independent of the file system. The disk imaging file format can be open standards like the ISO file format. Now the question arises that when to clone a drive and when to image a drive?

It is a quite obvious fact that cloning and imaging are the subordinates of a single term that is “Copying” and this is why they are quite similar in terms of their work but disk imaging can serve you better while you need to back up your data.

On the other hand, cloning makes more sense and is an easy option while you have to go for a device upgrade. Imaging is considered as a good option while going for backup because one can put multiple image backups into a single and sufficient external drive.

How to clone a hard disk?

In order to get started with, we must be aware of some terminologies associated with this concept. Source disk: When we say “Source Disk,” we are talking of the drive which we want to clone.

Destination disk: It is the disk where we want to clone the source disk. One important feature of the destination disk is that it must be larger or equivalent to the source disk regarding memory space.

How to clone a hard drive in Windows?

Windows does not have any built-in application for cloning a drive, but you can certainly clone a disk by making use of third-party software such as AOMEI Backupper, EaseUs and many more.

As we have mentioned that there are a plethora of disk cloning utilities available for windows but for the sake of ease and simplicity, we will be using Macrium Reflect disk cloning utility software for the purpose of illustration.

Step #1: You will have to download and install the Macrium Reflect disk cloning utility software. You can download it from here. Although it is available in two versions, one paid and the other free but the free version can satisfy most of your needs. Go for the one which best suits your pocket.

Step #2: Once downloaded, you are required to install the software. Do the required and once done then proceed for the next step.

Step #3: In this step, you will have to attach the drive where you want to clone your disk. The word of caution says that the destination disk must have more space than the source drive in order to complete the process of cloning.

Step #4: Now, open the Macrium Reflect application.

Step #5: In the Macrium Reflect window, select the drive which you want to clone and click on “Clone this disk” which is positioned in between the window.

Step #6: After successfully completing step #5, in the subsequent window you will be asked to choose the destination drive. You can do so by clicking on the “Select disk to restore to” link which will give you a drop-down list of the drives which are available.

Step #7: Select the destination disk where you want to clone your source drive.

Step #8: Drag and drop the source drive which you wish to clone to the destination drive and then click on Next button.

Step #9: A preview window will pop up. Click on a finish to finalize the process.

How to clone a hard disk in Mac?

One needs not to download and install any software or utility in order to clone a hard disk in the Mac operating system. It has a built-in application named as Disk Utility program with which one can easily clone a hard disk.

However, if you want to make use of any third party application while cloning a drive then you can consider SuperDuper or Carbon Copy Cloner.

Step #1: Plug in the destination drive in your system.

Step #2: Open disk utility program by following the mentioned path. Go to User -> Application -> Utilities -> Disk Utility.

Step #3: In the next window, select the drive in which you want to clone the source drive. Once done then click on the restore tab positioned at the extreme right at the top.

Step #4: In the next step, select your destination folder where you would like the clone everything into. It must be done next to the destination field.

Step #5: The last step includes clicking on the restore button. If everything goes well, the accumulative efforts of these steps will result in the cloning of your source drive to the destination drive.

The word of caution says that you should not keep anything important in the destination drive because in this entire process every single thing will get erased from the destination folder in order to accommodate the drive which is set to be cloned.

Wrapping up.

Does this mark the end of this tutorial cum guide on how to clone a hard drive? We hope that this article has helped you to find out how you can clone a disk in easy and simple steps.

If it has helped you in any way, then do not forget to share it among your social peers. Thank you for passing by and giving it a read.

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Linux

How to install/update VLC on Ubuntu/Linux/Linux Mint

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How to install/update VLC on Ubuntu/Linux/Linux Mint

If I ask which is the best audio/video player for PC then the reply will be only one,i.e., “VLC Media Player”.VLC – the most used and download media player supporting in all OS like Windows, Mac OS, Linux, etc.

VLC can play all the video and audio formats files (MPEG, DivX/Xvid, Ogg, and many more) as well as DVDs, VCDs, and various streaming protocols. If you want to install VLC on Windows then it is a very easy task but if you want to install VLC on Ubuntu, Linux, Mac OS, etc. then it's a little bit difficult.

So, I will teach you, How to install and update VLC on Ubuntu/Linux/Linux Mint to the latest release“.

Simple steps to install and update VLC on Ubuntu/Linux/Linux as follows:

  • Make sure you have a working internet connection
  • Then, you have to open a terminal by pressing “Ctrl+Alt+T” to execute the following commands
  • After opening the terminal copy the following commands in a new Terminal window
  • Commands are as follows:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:videolan/stable-daily
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install vlc

  • Check the terminal if all the process is over then close it and check by playing audio/video whether VLC is installed correctly or not.
  • If yes, then Enjoy!

A simple procedure to follow to install/update vlc on Ubuntu/Linux/Linux Mint. If you have any query or problem regarding installing or updating VLC then put your comments in the below comment box so that we can help you.

You can visit the official VLC media player website to know about the latest release and bugs fixes.

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Linux

How to Install Wine on Linux, CentOS and Fedora

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Wine is an open source application for Linux that enables users to run Windows Application on Unix/Linux operating system. Wine has widely used the application on Linux OS because of its great features.

That's why the Wine team keeps releasing their new versions every two weeks to solve bugs and with some additional improvements. To know about the changes and improvements of Wine then you can visit here.

We all know Linux, CentOS and Fedora are command based operating system, so If you want to install any application in Unix operating system then you have to know which commands are to be used.

In this article, I will guide you the simplest way to install the latest version of Wine in Linux, CentOS and Fedora using commands.

Follow the steps on “How to install Wine on Linux, CentOS and Fedora“.

Step by Step Guide on How to install Wine on Linux, CentOS and Fedora :

Step 1: First you have to install dependency packages. Install them using YUM command. Open the terminal by pressing “Ctrl+Alt+T” to execute following commands in the open terminal:

# yum -y install libX11-devel freetype-devel flex bison

Step 2: Now, you have to run command for downloading the latest version of Wine on your Linux based operating system. The file will be downloaded in /tmp directory (by default no need to change) as a normal user. Execute the following command:

$ cd /tmp
$ wget http://garr.dl.sourceforge.net/project/wine/Source/wine-1.5.26.tar.bz2

Step 3: After downloading you have to extract wine from the specified folder, for that you have to execute the following command:

$ tar -xvf wine-1.5.26.tar.bz2 -C /tmp/

Step 4: Now, you have to install Wine on your operating system, just run as a normal user and note that it can ask root password in between the installation. The installation will take up to 20-30 minutes. Don't be in a hurry, wait for the installation to complete. Run the following command:

$ cd wine-1.5.26/
$ ./tools/wineinstall

Step 5: Once the installation is complete run the “winecfg” configuration tool for KDE or GNOME desktop to see the supported configuration. In case, if you don't have then you can install it by using the below command as the root user.

# yum groupinstall “X Window System” “GNOME Desktop Environment”
OR
# yum groupinstall “X Window System” “KDE (K Desktop Environment)”

Step 6: Once you have installed the X Window System, run the command as a normal user to see the wine configuration.

$ winecfg

Step 7: Now, all the process is completed and I hope you have also successfully installed Wine so now it's time to run it. To run Wine, you must specify the full path to the executable program. For example, shown below:

$ wine notepad
$ wine notepad.exe
$ wine c:\windows\notepad.exe

The above is the complete guide to install Wine on Linux, CentOS and Fedora, if you face any problem or error regarding it then share your comments below by the comment form so that we can help you to solve your problem easily and quickly!

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Linux

How To Check File Permissions in Linux OS

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Linux system OS uses a authorizations schema to determine customer privileges for each computer file. These authorizations establish:

  • who can study the computer file? If the computer file is a listing, the study indicates record the material of the listing.
  • who can write/modify the computer file? If the computer file is a listing, this authorization describes if you can make any changes to the listing material, for example, make or remove information.
  • who can perform the computer file? If the computer file is a listing, this authorization describes if you can get into the listing and access its material, for example, run a search in the listing or perform a program in it.

Permissions are allocated to the computer file proprietor, to the computer file proprietor team, and to all customers. For example, you can set a paper to be understandable and writable by the proprietor only, and just understandable by everybody else.

When you issue an ls –l control, to record all material of a listing, you will see computer file authorizations like this next to each file:

-rwxrwxrwx

This indicates this computer file can be studied, published and implemented by anybody. The first sprint indicates this computer file is not a listing. For internet directories, there will be a correspondence instead of a sprint.

The first set of “rwx” represents the computer file proprietor. The second set, to the proprietor team. The last set, to all other customers. Let us look at some examples:

-rwxr – – r – –

This computer file can be studied, published and implemented by its proprietor. It can only be studied by other customers. When authorization is not set, you see a sprint in its place.

-rw-rw-r- –

This computer file can be study and published by its proprietor and the proprietor team. It can only be studied by other customers.

You can set these authorizations using the chmod control. For example, this command:

chmod ugo=rwx filename

assigns study, make and perform authorizations to computer file proprietor user(u), group(g) and others (o). This other example:

chmod ug=rw,o=r filename

Assigns study authorizations to customer and team, and only study authorization to others.

Permissions can also be indicated and set using the octal number program. Each authorization is associated with a number:

Read = 4
Write = 2
Execute = 1

You need to come up with a variety for the computer file proprietor, another variety for the team and a last one for the other customers.

If you want to allocate study, make and perform authorizations to computer file proprietor, you add up the three principles, thus getting a 7. If you want to allocate the same authorizations to the team and others, you come up with three sevens. You can set these authorizations like this:

chmod 777 filename

If you set authorizations for a computer file with the following command:

chmod 764 filename

Then you are developing these permissions: study, make and perform for computer file proprietor (4+2+1=7), study for the team (4+2=6) and only study for others (4).

The following orders are equivalent:

chmod ug=rw,o=r filename
chmod 664 filename

The computer file authorizations schema allows you to apply security guidelines. It is not a wise decision to set computer file authorizations high (e.g.: 777) for all information.

It is important to think about it and allocate the right authorizations to the information, so customers can do their job, and we are sure each computer file is utilized only by the right people.

BIO Info:-

Sameer is a writer and blogger, loves to explore and write about Seo, blogging and various technology and internet trends. I have 7 years experience in IT.

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Android

How to Get the Google Chrome Standalone Installer

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If you are reading this article, you must be on some sort of Internet Browser. Go ahead, tell me what browser is it?

Chances are it is Google Chrome!

Chrome is hands down the most preferred browser right now and with good reason too. The only hindrance to it is that you will have to download it off the internet every time you use a fresh installation of your desktop OS.

Well, not anymore! We have for you the chrome standalone installer!

But, before we get to that, let us find out why we are listing Chrome as the first choice browser and not any other browser.

Why Chrome of All Browsers?

Well, the answer is relatively simple. Chrome is the best browser around.

“But on what grounds?”, you ask.

On several, actually. Chrome has been found to be the fastest and most stable browser around.

Competitors Firefox and Microsoft with their new Edge browser seem to be catching up, but Chrome is yet to give up its crown. Opera had a salient feature with data connectivity, but even that has been remedied with a chrome plug-in.

Another feature that Chrome offers is syncing tabs and histories and passwords between the mobile and desktop counterparts and this is one feature that no one yet has been able to implement so perfectly!

Why the Chrome Standalone Installer?

You all must be wondering, what is the use of having a google chrome offline download because it's an internet browser! It won't function without the internet!

Well, let me give you three scenarios where you'd have to download chrome offline!

  1. If due to work or some other reason you have to install the browser on many machines simultaneously, then the chrome standalone installer comes in incredibly handy!
  2. If you're on a very slow internet connection, then downloading Chrome every time you start from a  fresh install of your OS can be tiresome! The google chrome offline download the app will save you some precious time!
  3. If you're on a metered connection then installing Chrome via online methods will blow a part of your data cap away! Download chrome offline for such situations.

How to use the Chrome Standalone Installer

There are two main environments where Chrome runs. Windows and Linux. We will discuss how to use the Chrome Standalone Installer in both of these.

As an extra, a valid and up to date link to the Android apk for Chrome will also be provided should one want it available on their Android devices!

#1. Offline Installer for Windows

Windows come loaded by default with Intenet Explorer. However, most of us substitute it with Chrome right off the bat!

For the installation procedure to be completely offline we will need to follow the steps as listed below.

Step 1

The first order of business is to check the architecture of the system we are running. We have to find out if we are running the 32 or 64-bit architecture of Windows.

This can be done with relative ease by right-clicking on the Computer icon> Properties.

Step 2

Next up we head on over to this link for the single user and this one for all user installations. This installer works with all versions of Windows from XP to Windows 10.

We also have a choice of the operating system here, 32 or 64 bit and based on what we found in Step 1 we install the version of Windows relevant to us.

64-bit users of Windows offline will find it at this link.

Step 3

The installer is saved on a thumb drive and is ready to be utilized on any Windows-based PC.

#2. Offline Installer for Linux

Now things can get a wee bit more tricky for Linux users out there. There are 4 main versions available!

Step 1

Figure out if you're running the 32 or 64-bit version of your OS just like before and if you're using Ubuntu or Fedora. Unfortunately, these are the only two Linux distros officially supported by Google.

If you have any other distro you may check out community builds in the link here.

Step 2

Now head on over to this link and choose the version you want to download!

Step 3

And like before, put in a safe storage media for future offline installations!

#3. Offline Installer for Android

And now for the bonus round! Chrome is generally bundled with Android as part of the Google Apps package.

However, a situation with which Custom ROM flashers must be very familiar with is flashing a micro version of Gapps that doesn't contain Google Chrome!

For those times you have to download chrome offline!

Here is the link to apk mirror for the latest apk of Chrome on Android.

And that brings us to the end of this article! If you are considering to upgrade to Windows 10, you might want to check out this article first!

Be sure to leave your comments down below and I'll get back to you with the solutions to any questions you might have!

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