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How to create a Bootable USB drive in Windows

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Flash drives. They are everywhere. One of the main reasons for their popularity is that they are so convenient in day to day usage!

With that being said, most of us are fairly basic users when it comes to USB thumb drive usage.

We use it to copy and move data from one computer to another. However, there is more than one usage for the humble USB drive. One of them is to make a bootable USB out of it.

“Woah woah, now hold on there! Why would I do that?”, I hear you ask. Well, a bootable USB provides a few advantages and below are a few typical use case scenarios where a bootable USB drive makes more sense than a CD/DVD.

DVD vs USB as Installation Media

  • USB drives are faster than standard DVD drives and hence can significantly speed up the installation procedure and write times to the hard drive.
  • DVD drives are prone to get scratched that may lead to loss of data. Also, they're easier to misplace and a major hindrance if you've to carry multiple around just to install different OS's.
  • Some new computers such as Ultrabooks do not come with DVD drives. As a result, the bootable USB becomes the only option!
  • Reusability of the USB thumb drive is far greater than standard DVD as you can reformat your bootable USB and then use it as a normal USB drive again once the process of installation is over!

Now I hope you'd see the merits of going for a USB drive over a standard DVD as your medium of choice when installing an OS. Now let's get started with the process, shall we?

Pre Requisites

  • 8 GB Pen drive.
  • A working computer and an internet connection.
  • You will also need Admin privileges on the computer.
  • An ISO file of the operating system that has to be made into a bootable disc.
  • The flash storage needs to be formatted before loading the operating system into it, so if you have any files you'd like to keep that are in this Flash drive then be sure to back them up before you begin with the process!

That's all you need except for a spattering of common sense which I'm sure you'd have!

Creating a bootable USB in Windows

Skip step 1-5 if you already have an ISO file!

Step 1

Download ImgBurn from this link.

Step 2

Install it and start it up. Click on the create image file from disc.

Step 3

Now we select where the source is, in most cases the DVD drive and also the destination folder. This where the created ISO which we will need in the later stages will be saved. Finally, you can edit the read speed but as this will not be used in a CD/DVD writer, you can let the default values stay.

Step 4

Now the software starts doing its magic and you can see as the progress bar fills up. you can also tick one of the boxes to specify what the program will do once it's finished conversion.

Step 5

Navigate to the destination folder and you will be able to see your ISO file and you can use it in the next step.

Step 6

Now while there are manual ways to create a bootable USB drive, using software like Rufus is much easier and time-saving.

However, if you guys wish to see the command prompt (geeky version!) of this procedure, leave a comment down below and we will be sure to make an article on it!

You can download Rufus directly from the original creator's website. Click here to download Rufus. Once downloaded, you can run it directly – no installation is required.

Step 7

Insert the USB flash drive that you wish to make a bootable ISO of. Make a backup of it if it has any files that you wish to save!

Step 8

Now in this step, the key thing is to check and double check that under device you have selected the USB drive that you want to be made into a bootable disc. Be very careful as choosing the wrong drive will have its content deleted permanently.

Next thing to check is the partition scheme. Now not all Motherboards are UEFI. OS depending on your motherboard and the type of OS you want to be installing, choose between UEFI or the more standard BIOS.

Step 9

Ensure that the Create a bootable disk using: option is checked, otherwise your laptop or PC won't be able to boot from the USB drive.

Step 10

Hit Start and let the magic happen! You'll see that Rufus is quite fast and with most discs should be done in under 20 minutes. The speed will, of course, vary according to your PC hardware so please be patient!

Step 11

Once you're done, just eject the USB drive from your computer. Congratulations!

You now have your very own USB bootable drive! To use this drive reboot or power up the computer and it should boot from the drive. If not, enter the BIOS and ensure that the primary boot device is set as the ‘USB drive.'

That brings us to the end of this article which is the second in the series of how to make bootable USB drives in different Os'es.

If you wish to check out the Mac OS X version of this article you can check it out here! Leave all your questions or comments down below and I'll see you in the next one!

A 22 year old Bong from Kolkata, Amartya's passion for 'sondesh' is matched only by his curiosity in tech. Rumour has it, that he once got a nasty electric shock. Ever since then he has been found to dismantle electronics with a vengeance and mod everything that goes beep. He can be found lurking around Google+(https://plus.google.com/u/0/+amartyabaidya/posts) or the comments section of this blog , where he is part of the editorial team

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Security

How to Reset Windows Password Without an Installation CD

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How to reset Windows Password without an installation CD

Password – one word with a huge meaning in our life nowadays, because daily we use lots of sites over the internet. To remember all login passwords is not an easy task but browsers are giving the facility to remember them. What, when you forgot your Windows Password?

Reinstall the Windows Copy? That's not a good idea because there are many ways to reset Windows Password. And right now you don't have the installation CD, in this case also there is no need to worry.

Today, I am gonna show you a tutorial on “How to Reset Windows Password without an installation CD”. So, below is the step by step guide on How to Reset Windows Password without an installation CD, just follow it and reset Windows Password easily.

Step by Step Guide on:

How to Reset Windows Password without an installation CD

Step 1:

Firstly, you have to download the Offline NT Password & Registry Editor and make a boot disk using ISO image which you have downloaded.

Step 2:

Boot your PC from the boot disk and you will see below image on your screen. On-screen, it asks if you want to select the first partition (Windows installed partition) then “1” is already selected, so just hit Enter.

Step 3:

The next screen will appear to choose the path to your registry. The default is fine don't need to change it, so just hit Enter.

Step 4:

Now, the screen will appear displaying Password reset and many other options, don't do anything because “1” is already selected so now also just hit Enter.

Step 5:

Here you will be prompted, whether you want to edit users or the registry. You want to edit user passwords, so hit Enter again.

Step 6:

Now, comes the main part and please don't hit enter again (Just Kidding). The screen will show usernames which are available on your PC, so you have to enter that username for which you want to reset Windows password and now you can hit enter.

Step 7:

The next screen will show some advanced options no need to worry because you have to blank the password by selecting the “1” option and that's probably been already selected so just hit enter and get reset Windows Password.

Step 8:

And now, you’ll have to save what you just did. So type an exclamation point to quit (or the “!” symbol), then type the letter “y” to save all your work. Now you can reboot your computer and of course, you will able to login into Windows without any problem.

The above is the complete guide on How to Reset Windows Password without an installation CD. If you face any problem in resetting your Windows Password then put your problem/query in below comments section via the comment form.

So, that we can help you to get rid of that problem as early as possible.

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Windows

How to Keep Your Hard Disk’s Space Free? [Part 1]

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Android is more than a trend and Nokia Lumia 920 is rocking the western smartphone hemisphere quite effectively. Convertibles are arising from a horizon to have a glance at the new middle path.

Still, we are providing you with the tips for your desktop PC because we know that many of our users still using desktops extensively. So here are the tips to “How to keep your hard disk's space free?

1. Removing unnecessary program:

There are plenty of software, extensions, and apps available for different tasks. Some of them are used to perform some tasks for a limited period of time. Some software come with mandatory add on. Such as Babylon toolbar comes as mandatory add on with AVG antivirus.

There are plenty of games and software which people only use for temporary testing. So you should sort out such an application and remove them from your system. Now you will ask me how? So here is the answer.

  • Click on the start button
  • Choose “control panel”
  • You will have a new window
  • Choose “Uninstall a program” from tag below “program” as shown in figure
  • The window will appear as shown in the figure below with all the programs listed. You can choose any of them (Unwanted) and by just clicking on them you can uninstall those programs.

2. Turn off windows components

There are plenty of windows features that we are not using. So it is advisable to remove them and keep our disks free. As mentioned above you can choose the control panel. Now select the program tab itself and you will have a window as shown in the figure below.

You can click on the option “Program and features”. You will be redirected to a new window. Here you have an option of “turn off windows features” on the left top corner of the window.

If you keep them on they keep using your temporary folder memory.

Some tips:

You can use .zip or .rar files to compress your data. That will save plenty of space for you. You can download WinZip and WinRar software. After installing them you can choose the files you want to have in .zip or .rar formate.

Press ctrl+right click on the selected file. This will redirect you to options pop up. Select add to the archive. Choose the format you want and click yes. That’s all.

So, try these tips and let us know how you find them? We will keep updating you with more tricks and tips. Stay tuned with us or the second part of the series.

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Tips

How to Repair Windows 7 System Files using Command Prompt

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How to repair Windows 7 System Files using Command Prompt

We are so much habituated towards the computer that we can't live without it. And if someday your computer behaves abnormally then we get annoyed.

What we think is the only solution is to format and install a new copy of the operating system, but that's not the right option because you will lose all of your saved data. So, the best option is to repair system files of your operating system. Today I will guide you about “How to repair Windows 7 System Files using Command Prompt“.

How to Repair Windows 7

It's very simple because Microsoft has given one option called “System File Checker” as an inbuilt function that can help you in finding corrupted files and then after it will repair it. It also gives an option to verify that the System Files are corrupted or not. Now, it's your choice, what to do: repair Windows 7 System Files or simply verify it.

Some useful information must read it:

The sfc /scannow command (System File Checker) scans the integrity of all protected Windows 7 System Files and replaces incorrect corrupted, changed/modified, or damaged versions with the correct versions if possible.

Step by Step guide on:

How to repair Windows 7 System Files using Command Prompt:

Step 1: Open the Command Prompt in the administrator account. For that type below command:

Press Windows Key > type “cmd” > right click on the icon > Run as administrator

Now you have to decide what to do:

  1. Just verify that System Files are corrupted or not
  2. To scan and repair Windows 7 System Files.

As per your decision traverse below:

Step 2: Only verify System Files are Corrupted, this option will not change any of the Windows 7 System Files.

In the Command Prompt, type “sfc /verifyonly” and press Enter.

Step 3: Scan and repair Windows 7 System Files, note that this option will revert the system files such as explorer.exe back to its default state. So, it's better to take the backup of System Files.

In the Command Prompt, type “sfc /scannow” and press Enter.

This will take some time, so keep patience. When the scan is complete you will see the below screen on your desktop and after that you can close command prompt.

Above is the complete guide on how to repair Windows 7 System Files using Command Prompt. If face any problem while repairing System Files then let us know via comments through the comment form so that we can help you as early as possible.

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Services

How to setup hMailServer

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How to setup hMailServer

hMailServer – a Free Email Server for Microsoft Windows, used by Internet service providers, companies, governments, schools and enthusiasts in all parts of the world. hMailServer Webmail works on SMTP, POP3, and IMAP for performing outgoing and incoming mail services. 

You can integrate hMailServer with Microsoft SQL Server, or you can make use of an external Microsoft SQL Server, PostgreSQL or MySQL database for the same. Features of hMailServer are it consists of multiple domains, auto-reply and forwarding options, Active Directory support, distribution lists, built-in backup, etc.

If you want to use hMailServer, then firstly download from here and after that, you have to Set Up Own Email Server. To setup hMailServer is a typical task, so today in this article I will give step by step guide on Setup My Own Email Server.

Step by Step guide on:

How to setup hMailServer

#) Connecting to hMailServer

Step 1:

Download hMailServer from here and install it to start setup hMailServer.

Step 2:

Open “hMailAdmin” (C:Program FileshMailServerbinhMailAdmin). A dialog box will be opened that allows you to connect to different hMailServer services.

Step 3:

Double-Click on the “localhost” to connect hMailServer. A small dialog box will be opened asking the password. Enter your password which you specified during the installation of hMailServer and click on “OK”.

Step 4:

If the password is correct then you have successfully started hMailServer Administrator.

#) Domains & Accounts

Now you have to specify your domain name for which you have to setup hMailServer.

Step 5:

From the last opened window, click on “Add Domain” or you can also start “hMailAdmin again”.

Step 6:

Enter your specific domain. As example, I have inserted “technobol.com” and click on save.

Step 7:

Now, you have to specify your email address on which you will receive and send an email. For that, Expand the Domains node in the tree to the left.

Step 8:

Click on your given domain name and click on “Add Account”.

Step 9:

Now, enter “webmaster” or “info” or you can put any name as per your choice in the Address box, set the password and click Save.

Step 10:

Now, in the tree to the left, you will find your Account and Address both.

#) Specifying the public hostname and SMTP relayer

For the working of hMailServer, you have to specify the public hostname.

Step 11:

From opened Window or start hMailAdmin and in the tree to the left, go to Settings > Protocols > click on SMTP

Step 12:

From the right-hand side click on Delivery of the e-mail tab. Into that, under the hostname enter the public hostname of the computer where hMailServer is running and click on Save.

Step 13:

Now, you have to specify SMTP relayer, so enter the hostname of your ISP's email server, along with your credentials on that server in case it demands authentication and click on save.

Step 14:

You have successfully setup hMailServer and now you can use it.

So, a guide on How to setup hMailServer is completed. I hope you have understood the guide and cam setup hMailServer by own. If you are facing any problem while doing setup hMailServer then connects us via comments so that we can resolve your problem.

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Windows

How to Change the “Welcome” Text Message at Log On in Windows 7

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How to Change the Welcome Text Message at Log On in Windows 7

Fed up or Bored seeing the “Welcome” Text Message at Log On in Windows 7. Have you ever thought to change? Definitely No! From childhood, we have a habit of spoon-feeding and never think of change.

Wake up! This is a modern world, everything is possible but exceptions are always there (Kidding!). Hopefully, if you have not switched to Windows 8 from Windows 7 then here is the trick on How to Change the “Welcome” Text Message at Log On in Windows 7. Shocked?

But it's true, Want to put up Greeting Message, Quotes or any other text to the Welcome Screen then follow the step by step guide on How to Change the “Welcome” Text Message at Log On in Windows 7.

Step by Step Guide:

How to Change the “Welcome” Text Message at Log On in Windows 7

Step 1: Log on into Windows 7 via “Administrator Account“.

Step 2: Open My Computer > C: (system drive) > Windows > System 32 > en US > winlogon.exe.mui and Copy this winlogon.exe.mui file to your desktop.

Step 3: Download and install Resource Hacker

Step 4: Open Resource Hacker and in that open window, click on “File” and “Open“.

Step 5: In Resource Hacker, select “ALL FILES” from the drop-down menu and navigate to the desktop to choose winlogon.exe.mui and click on open.

Step 6: In the left panel of Resource Hacker, Expand “String table > 63 and select 1033“.

Step 7: In the right panel of 1033, replace the “Welcome” text with your own text which you want to display while logging on in Windows 7 at both “1002” and “1005” locations (Ex: HELLO TECHNOBOL) and then click on “Compile Script“.

Step 8: Click on “File” and “Save“, then close Resource Hacker.

Step 9: Now, copy this modified winlogon.exe.mui file from the desktop and paste into My Computer > C: (system drive) > Windows > System 32 > en US > winlogon.exe.mui, it will ask for confirmation click Copy and Replace.

Step 10: Open Command Prompt (Win + R and type cmd) and type “mcbuilder“, press Enter and then close the command prompt.

Step 11: Restart the computer and log in to see the changes made. Hurray! You have Changed the “Welcome” Text Message at Log On in Windows 7.

Firstly, follow all the steps and then also you are facing problem in changing the text then put your queries or problem in the below comment section and we will surely help you to get rid of ASAP!

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