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How To Locate, Edit Hosts File In Windows 7

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Vienna (CodeName), popular in the computer world by the name of Windows 7 operating system, is manufactured by the technology giant Microsoft and has many programs and features. One such feature embedded deep within the Windows OS is windows hosts file. If you don’t know the installed version of Windows, here is how to determine Windows version.

Now while the name may sound big and techy, fact of the matter is that the concept of hosts file was in existence long before the evolution of this modern era INTERNET; and remains in use till date.

It is necessary to understand the concept of Hosts Files because it might be a backdoor entry for the high jackers or malicious software’s since this file can be easily modified. These malicious software’s are generally used to redirect the traffic to a not so intended to visit website.Also, we can easily eradicate the problem by just deleting those redirected entries from the windows hosts file.

Moreover, we can easily block any website which we do not want to open in our system. So, knowing the concept of hosts files has it’s perks. Additionally, you can easily boast around your friends by blocking any website in their system. Ain’t it great?

So, let’s dig a little deeper into this and explore the concept of windows hosts file.

What Is A Hosts File?

The Hosts File is a plain text file used by an operating system in order to map Hostnames to IP Addresses. In simpler words, a Hosts file defines the relationship between Domain names and IP addresses, that is which domain name is linked to which IP address.

Hosts file are in existence from the time of ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network), the predecessor of INTERNET. Hosts file is like an address book or a directory.

What Purpose Hosts Files are Used For?

The Hosts File system facilitates the user by serving the facility of translating human-friendly hostnames like www.google.com into numeric type addresses, commonly known as IP addresses.

Hosts files can be used for blocking unwanted ads, 3rd party cookies, and hijackers. This can be easily accomplished by blocking those connections that serve as the source for the same.

How To Locate Hosts File?

In order to locate the Hosts File in Windows 7, simply follow the following easy going steps:

Step 1 : Click on Start -> Type Notepad -> Right click on the Notepad shortcut  -> Click on Run as Administrator.

How-To-Locate-Edit-Hosts-File-In-Windows-7

Step 2: Once Notepad is opened, click on file ->  open  -> then browse to the mentioned location, that is C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc

How-To-Locate-Edit-Hosts-File-In-Windows-7

hosts directory

Step 3: In order to get the desired hosts file, do not forget to change the option of text documents (*.txt) to All Files (*.*) positioned at extreme right corner (bottom)

How-To-Locate-Edit-Hosts-File-In-Windows-7

click all files

Step 4: Finally, Double click the file named as hosts in order to open it and whoa, you made it.

How-To-Locate-Edit-Hosts-File-In-Windows-7

hosts file


Alternative Method

Type in the following command in RUN (Windows + R).

notepad c:\windows\system32\drivers\etc\hosts

How to edit hosts file?

In order to edit hosts file, just follow till 3rd step as mentioned above after that do the following:
Step 1: Copy the hosts file and paste it somewhere else and make the changes you want to make in the copied file only.[Recommended and Important]

Step 2: After making the desired changes, replace it back in the C :\Windows\System32\drivers\etc folder.

How to block websites by editing hosts file?

If you want to block certain websites then you can easily attain that milestone by editing your hosts file.
For instance here, we have taken the example of www.myexamplesite.com.
Just add the following line in the host’s file replacing www.myexamplesite.com to your desired site name.
127.0.0.1 www.myexamplesite.com

you can block as many sites as you want just by adding them in the host’s file in the mentioned manner.

How does it work?

(127.0.0.1) This IP address is the universal IP address that is assigned to the localhost of the user ’s computer.
When the user will navigate to www.myexamplesite.com through web browser, the computer will try to connect to itself because 127.0.0.1 is the IP address of the machine’s localhost and the machine probably would not find a web server running on itself ultimately resulting in a failure and this way the blocked website will not open in the system.

Disclaimer: You might end up losing the original hosts file. So, better be careful.
Administrator rights of the system are required to do the needful. So, make sure that you have the administrative rights of the system.
Always back up the files before experimenting.

We hope that this article will definitely add some worthwhile value to your knowledge base and if you have any doubts or queries regarding windows 7 hosts files, do let us know through the comment section down below and stay tuned for more such How To’s. If your windows 7 PC is taking time in the startup process, you should minimize the startup program. Here is how to change startup Programs in Windows 7.

A student of life, writer, technology freak, and a thinker.

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Windows

How to Create an Admin User Account Using CMD Prompt?

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How to Create an Admin User Account Using CMD Prompt

So if you’ve ever wondered How to Create an Admin User Account Using CMD Prompt? You’re at the perfect place. That’s all this article will be about.

Windows is the most popular operating system on this planet, so obviously there would be couple tricks and tweaks that it has up it’s sleeve for rainy days, and this is one such trick.

You can use this method if you’re unable to create an Admin account normally, or maybe if you’re trying to do something that requires Admin level permissions but you don’t have one yet.

What is Admin User Account:-

Basically it’s like the “master” account of any system.  There are certain privileges you get with the Admin account which you don’t have on the general accounts.

They have access to every other account details, and have the permissions to change or delete the other accounts.

Also, you’d need Admin level access while installing some software on your system. Because the software you install might make a major change to your system, that’s why the permission is asked for.

Now, generally just clicking on “Allow control” popup does the trick because most systems don’t have admin user accounts by default.

But in case you do have an admin account on your system, you would be asked to enter the password for the account in order to authenticate the change/installation.

Do note that you can install most software on your system without admin access, because most software just do their job and don’t make decisive changes to your systems, so having the “admin” account isn’t a must, you can have it if you wish to, but personally I run my system on a standard account with zero issues.

What is the CMD?

I believe in covering every angle of an article, hence now that you know what the admin account is, how about getting a crystal clear picture of what the CMD is?

CMD is the command line tool that’s inbuilt with Windows. It’s like the “terminal” you get with Linux. Well what you can do with it can’t be explained, it totally depends on your skill-set, suffices to say that anything and everything that a computer is capable of doing, can be controlled from the command prompt.

From simply copying a file, destroying the whole of the hard-disk or at the most advanced level, hacking into someone else’s system, it’s all from that command base.

It’s basically a terminal where you can write codes or commands for the system to execute. That is basically how computers were operated before Mr. Gates invented the icons-mouse and the whole graphical interface.

How to Create an Admin User Account Using CMD Prompt:-

So I take it as you’re here because you’re looking for solutions to creating the Admin account using a command prompt?

Let me tell you despite the complexity of it’s sound, it’s nothing like hacking or anything even remotely related to that.

Before Starting Make Sure:-

  • You don’t have a pre-made Admin user account on your system.
  • Even if you do, you’re logged out of that account and are now on a standard account.
  • You’re using Widows 7, Vista, or 10

Step #1:- Click on the Start button and type “Cmd” in the type box, and then select the command prompt.

Now type net user /add yourusername yourpassword. 

What you just did is, added a new standard user account to your Windows system, now we need to grant it admin level privileges.

Press Enter. Then in the new line, again type new localgroup administrators yourusername /add

Done! We just added it to our “administrators” localgroup. Meaning now the username and password you set  for your admin account are in effect.

How to Create an Admin User Account using Control Panel:-

Well you’ve already learnt How to Create an Admin User Account Using CMD Prompt, but honestly the control panel method is much more easier, simpler, and with much less “typing”.

So how about we share the steps for creating it via the control panel as well? I’m sure you’re aware of the method, but just in case you aren’t this might come in handy.

Click on Start Menu, and select Control Panel.

Select “Add/Remove User account” under “user accounts and family safety” option.

Click on “Create a new account” at the bottom of the accounts box.

Then finally just fill in the credentials. Fill in the Username for your account, but make sure you click on “Administrator” in the accounts type radiobox and click on Create account.

And done! You will have your account ready to be used.

Final Words:-

So that was it folks, that’s all I had on How to Create an Admin User Account Using CMD Prompt. I’m sure this piece should’ve helped you.

Well in case you’re confused, there are no side-effects, or restriction issues with accounts created via the command prompt. You get all the access and the same kind of privileges you would get with the “control panel created” accounts.

And ofcourse it’s easier to create those accounts from the control panel as compared to the command prompt, but it’s good to have a backup plan your way right?

Anyway do leave your feedbacks about this article in the comments and any suggestions, or easier ways to do the job are welcome, I’d love to include them here in the article.

And hitting the share buttons and spreading the word around won’t go unnoticed either.

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Windows

How to Change Startup Background Color in Windows 8

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How-to-Change-Startup-Background-Color-in-Windows-8

Its been almost year when Microsoft launched Windows 8, in the starting even I was a little reluctant to shift my laptop from windows 7 to windows 8. But then as I bought a new laptop that came with Windows 8 genuine, so steadily I realized that Windows 8 is actually not that bad and actually has some really good and addictive features which may not let you go back to windows 7 back again.

The best part is that Windows 8 is really very customizable, you can customize almost everything from the theme to color, well sometimes it may get a bit tricky for you to reach the correct place where you will find all customization options to change the color of the background.

Well if you are one of them who have not yet explored this feature don’t worry, you are at the right place on this article I will be giving you the complete tutorial on how to change the background color of startup menu in windows 8. You can also create personalized start button on Windows 8 that will give your computer your own personalization.

Follow these steps:-

1. Just go to the search box and type ” start screen”

2. select the start screen setting option on the right of the screen

How-to-Change-Startup-Background-Color-in-Windows-8

3. Once you enter the start screen settings, your default selected tab would be “Lock Screen” change it by clicking on the “Start Screen” tab just next to it.

4. Now after selecting the Start Screen tab just simply click on Personalize.

How-to-Change-Startup-Background-Color-in-Windows-8

5. Once you enter the personalize tab, here you will get all the customization options.

This is the place in windows 8 where you can find all the options that will help you change the look and feel of your Windows 8 pc.

However, it is recommended not to use bright colors in the background as they tend to reduce the visibility of the menu and the app names. If you use bright colors you may note a sudden battery drainage problem, I personally did experience it once I selected yellow as the background color, my battery which usually did last for around 4 hours, showed me red signal even in less than 2 hours, and this problem was automatically resolved once I changed the background color back to dark.

Do not forget to try out the other features you get here, you can easily change the complete look of your User Interface just by few clicks in the Personalize block.

So go ahead and try building up your own new windows UI, hope you enjoyed the article. You should also see the best antivirus for your Windows 8 Computer that will be going to protect you from virus & Malware attacks

Keep stalking for more tips and tricks.

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Windows

How To Directly Boot Into Desktop In Windows 8.1?

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How-To-Directly-Boot-Into-Desktop-In-Windows-8.1

Windows 8 Operating System, was a very different experience for Windows users. It was entirely different from its predecessors and brought in new features into it too. Windows 8 had a major UI overhaul than its predecessors. And users really needed a tutorial class, before they could actually start using Windows 8 as a daily driver.

Some major design changes include the introduction of Start Screen, the removal or the Start Menu etc.

Talking about the Start Screen, people using Windows 8 would first boot into the Start Screen, from where they could shift to the Desktop manually.

Since the preview version of the Windows 8 was launched, users really felt this feature really annoying.  As now, they would be booted into the Start Screen, from where they needed to manually shift to the Desktop view. 

To solve this issue, many third-party developers made tools that would help Windows 8 users boot into desktop directly, without being taken to the Start Menu. These utilities for Windows 8 were free of cost, and anyone could easily download these utilities over the web, and then set it up to directly boot into desktop view.

Understanding the popular demand to boot directly into desktop view, Microsoft has finally built-in this feature to their upcoming update to the Windows 8, the Windows 8.1. Therefore, you don’t need to download a third-party utility anymore to boot into desktop directly, and this can be directly done from the Navigation settings menu, without any software.

This feature was released with the Preview version of Windows 8.1, and you can easily download and install Windows 8.1 into your computer.

If you’re new to the Windows 8.1 platform, here we are today with a short and sweet tutorial on how you can boot into desktop directly on Windows 8.1 without using any third party software.

How-To-Directly-Boot-Into-Desktop-In-Windows-8.1

How To Boot Into Desktop Directly In Windows 8.1?

As I said before, this feature was built-in to Windows 8.1. So if you’re using Windows 8 currently, you’ll need to install the preview version of Windows 8.1, before attempting to perform this tutorial.

And if you have already installed Windows 8.1 onto your computer, then below is the tutorial on how to boot into desktop directly in Windows 8.1:

  • First of all, boot into the desktop mode on your computer running Windows 8.1.
  • Now, hover over an empty area of the taskbar on your computer, and right-click the mouse button.
  • Now a popup box will appear. And from the popup box, choose properties.
  • After clicking Properties, a new window titled “Taskbar and Navigation properties” will open.
  • From the window, move to the Navigation sub-tab.
  • From Navigation, look into the Start Screen sub-menu.
  • And from the start screen sub-menu, you can see an option titled “Go To the Desktop Instead Of Start When I Sign In”
  • All you have to do is to tick this particular option and you’re done!

Finally, you have set your computer to boot into desktop directly, without moving on to the Start Screen. Therefore, you’ll no more need to download any utility on your computer, to serve the purpose. If yo wanted to remove the Password from Windows 8, you should see that.

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Mac

How to Password Protect a Folder in Mac in 5 Steps

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How-to-Password-Protect-a-Folder-in-Mac-in-5-Steps

Sometime we have some confidential data in our computer which we don’t want to share with anyone.

So we feel like adding a password on that folder and make it password protected. There are tons of softwares make make password protect folder mac, but here we are going to talk about free method which you can use anytime in your machine and lock any folder.

You can encrypt any given folder and save it in your machine at any place because it will be a password protected folder now.

Let’s see how you can encrypt a folder with password protection in mac and make your data more secure. If you are using Windows computer and wanted to lock folder, see How to Lock a Folder in Windows 7/8/8.1.

Step 1: Open Disk Utility

How-to-Password-Protect-a-Folder-in-Mac-in-5-Steps

Step 2: Click on File > New > Disk Image From Folder

password-protect-folder-mac

Step 3: Browse the folder you want to encrypt and then click on image.

How-to-Password-Protect-a-Folder-in-Mac-in-5-Steps

Step 4: Choose ‘read/write’, and choose ‘128-bit AES encryption’.

How-to-Password-Protect-a-Folder-in-Mac-in-5-Steps

Step 5: Type the desired password and UNTICK Remember password in my keychain.

How-to-Password-Protect-a-Folder-in-Mac-in-5-Steps

Done. 🙂

Now you’ll have a password protected DMG file which you can open anytime by entering the password.

How to unlock mac password protect fthe older?

See Also: How to Use Task Manager in Mac OS X Computer?

As putting the lock was simpler, so unlocking is also very simple.

Double click on the .dmg file and it will ask for the password.

How-to-Password-Protect-a-Folder-in-Mac-in-5-Steps

Note: Always keep “Remember password in my keychain” UNTICKED otherwise it will save your password.

Now this will mount the folder on your Mac and you’ll be able to access all the files in this folder.

How-to-Password-Protect-a-Folder-in-Mac-in-5-Steps

You can delete or add any files in this password protect mac folder. This is going work as simple folder now.

Once you are done with adding or deleting the files from the folder, just right click on it and UNMOUNT it.

Now you can delete the actual folder from your Mac and use .dmg file for the future purpose.

This is one of the easiest way to add password on any folder in Mac. You should also learn to use File Manager in MacOSX.

Do share this trick with all your friends and help them to secure their most important files. 😉

I means most important files. 😛

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Windows

How To Upgrade Windows 7 Computer To Windows 8 Using Dual-Boot Method?

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upgrade windows 7 computer to windows 8

Windows 8 is the latest and the most modern operating system from Microsoft, till date. Almost every laptops and desktops today, comes preloaded with Windows 8 operating system. And Windows 8 is achieving popularity, but at a low pace.

If you are using the Windows XP operating system on your computer, then it’s the time to upgrade your operating system, as Microsoft will be cutting off all technical support for Windows XP operating system by mid-2014.

Even if you’re using Windows 7, it’s better to upgrade Windows 8, as its latest operating system.

However, the only con of the Windows 8 operating system is that it has a “Touch-Optimized” user interface. And users having Windows 8 operating system on non-touch devices like Desktops, won’t feel the Metro UI and similar settings useful.

But, there is a way for Windows 7 users to install Windows 8 on their computer, without actually deleting Windows 7 operating system from their computer. So, you will be able to switch between Windows 7 and Windows 8 operating system’s on your computer but that can slow the startup process in windows 7. For solving that, you should speed up the startup process in Windows 7.

And today, we will be guiding you through the complete process on how to Upgrade Windows 7 Computer To Windows 8 Using Dual-Boot Method. Please make sure that your computer running Windows 7, has all technical requirements to install Windows 8.

How To Upgrade Windows 7 Computer To Windows 8 Using Dual-Boot Method?

upgrade-windows-7-computer-to-windows-8

Below is the complete detailed tutorial on how to upgrade Upgrade Windows 7 to Win 8 Using Dual-Boot Method:

  1. First of all, make sure you have the .ISO installer of Windows 8.
  2. Now, burn the .ISO installer of Windows 8 to a DVD.
  3. Now, we need to create a separate partition of your Hard Disk, to install the Windows 8 operating system without deleting the Windows 7 operating system.
  4. For this, navigate to the “My Computer” on your computer.
  5. From My Computer, Right Click on an empty space.
  6. From the popup box that appears, click on “Manage”.
  7. Now click on “Storage” and then click “Disk Management”.
  8. Now, you will be displayed with a box, with displays all available storage drives on your computer.
  9. Now, from all the disks available on your computer, choose a disk to install the Windows 8 operating system to it. Make sure that your disk has at least 20 GB of free available storage space.
  10. Now, right click on the disk that you chose to install Windows 8 on, and click on “Shrink”.
  11. Decide the amount that you would like the Windows 8 to use, and confirm.
  12. Now a black bar will appear on top, titled “Unallocated”.
  13. Click on that bar, and keep proceeding by clicking “Next” until you see the “Format Partition” part. Complete the “Format Partition” process using the default stuffs.
  14. Give it a name. Name something different, so that you can identify it later. For the sake of our tutorial, let’s name it “Windows 8”.
  15. Now, reboot your computer with the DVD disk entered.
  16. While booting, you’ll be asked to “Press Any Key” to boot from CD/DVD. Press any key from your keyboard.
  17. Choose your language, and install the Windows 8 operating system.
  18. After installation, enter your Product Key to activate your copy of Windows 8.
  19. Now, From the setup screen choose “Custom”.
  20. Now a listed of your available drives will appear, select the drive that you named “Windows 8”.
  21. Now, wait patiently until the Windows 8 operating system installation completes.
  22. Phew! Now you have successfully installed Windows 8 on your Windows 7 computer.

Now, whenever you start your computer, you’ll be asked on the startup screen whether to boot as Windows 7 or Windows 8. And enjoy!

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